Within the NGSS, “the time period ‘engineering design’ has replaced the older term ‘technological design,’ in preserving with the definition of engineering as a systematic follow for fixing issues, and technology as the result of that practice” (p. 103). This use of terminology reflects the understanding that “technologies outcome when engineers apply their understanding of the natural world and of human behavior to design methods to satisfy human wants and wants” (NRC, 2012, p. 12). The Benchmarks for Science Literacy (American Association for the Advancement of Science , 1993) and the National Science Education Standards (NSES; National Research Council , 1996), were the first to provide technology an specific position in K-12 science education. For instance, the NSES included science and technology standards for all K-12 grade levels.
Technology and innovation management constitute a self-discipline of management that continues to achieve importance, impact, and a focus. While it’s attainable to focus on technology administration, this discipline additionally constitutes a set of expertise that every one managers should possess within the trendy technology-intensive and technology-driven world of enterprise. A conventional means of analyzing technology growth is to contrast the influence of technology push with that of market pull.